A Guide to Wisdom Tooth

Wisdom teeth are the third set of molar teeth that appear at the back of your mouth. You could be having anywhere between one to four (one in each corner of your mouth) wisdom teeth or you could not be having any as well. If they are properly aligned, they may not cause any pain or swelling but very often they push the neighbouring teeth for their growth.

Causes of Pain/Swelling

Sometimes, the wisdom teeth are positioned wrongly; they may be misaligned- either angled inward or outward. This could damage the adjacent teeth, jawbone or even the nerves.

Several times, there is only partial eruption of the wisdom teeth from the gums which makes them prone to bacterial infections as they cannot be cleaned properly with the toothbrush because of their hard to reach location. This could later on cause tooth decay and gum diseases. Your dentist would take an X-ray of your tooth to decide when the tooth needs removal based on its stage of development.

Procedure for Extraction of Wisdom Tooth

Prior to the wisdom teeth removal, you would be given local anaesthesia so that you don’t have any pain during the procedure. In several complicated cases, patients are given general anaesthesia so that they sleep during the entire procedure as opposed to local anaesthesia where they are wide-awake.

Risks and Side effects

Wisdom tooth extractions are generally safe. You need to visit the dentists office in case your bleeding doesn’t stop within 24 hours. You might experience bruise, facial swelling, pain or jaw stiffness due to the procedure but these symptoms would settle down in few days.

Read Also: Common Complications of Wisdom Teeth